Akbar was Babur’s grandson and he was the greatest of the Mughal emperors. He expanded the empire to cover most of northern India. His reign brought peace and prosperity. Although Akbar could not read or write, he encouraged philosophers, poets, artists, architects and musicians. He died in 1605. His son Jehangir and Jehangir’s son Shah Jehan enjoyed long and prosperous reigns. For the first time, the Mughals gained control of western India. Under Shah Jehan’s son Aurangzeb the Empire covered almost all of south Asia.